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Climate 360

All about climate change

The Exhibition

The contents of this dossier come from the exhibition "Climate, the 360 ° exhibition" presented at the Cité des sciences et de l'industrie in Paris from October 2015 to March 2016 on the occasion of the COP21.

Artists’ views

Two works of art explore the impact of global warming. Plastic artist Pauline Toyer’s white and ochre blocks examine the theme of melting ice that produces water, which flows over the earth and reshapes it. The three screens showing the panoramic film of photographer and video-maker Kadir van Lohuizen submerge us above sea level, where populations all over the world (captured here in a single block) suffer the direct impacts of climate disruption.

Where will we go ? by Kadir van Lohuizen

The work presented here was commissioned by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to present the first consequences of rises in sea level. Set in Kiribati, the Fiji archipelago, the Carteret atolls, Bangladesh, Guna Yala (Panama), but also the USA (Boston, Miami) and the UK, Kadir van Lohuizen’s sound and vision account warns us of human costs: present, but also future if radical steps are not taken rapidly. In this panoramic video, a lucid, empathic, socially responsible photographer and video-maker examines the Earth and its inhabitants closely in a documentary approach.

White Cube by Les Radiolaires (The Radiolarians) [Marine Dillard, Caroline Gaussens, Denis Pegaz Blanc, Xavier Tiret]

“When the Earth and its inhabitants have solved the climate problem…” To explore this theme, the artists’ collective Les Radiolaires – who won the competition organised by the Cité des sciences et de l’industrie with the support of the BNP-Paribas Foundation – have created a dual art installation. Here, they present their original, thought-provoking vision of our planet’s future. In the White Cube structure made of refrigerators, a Creature moves about in front of pictures of cooked dishes from the past. The anthropophagous being no longer leaves its Cube and spends its time exercising: it needs the energy that it expends and immediately recycles to power its refrigerators and screens. It exchanges the carbon dioxide it breathes out and the methane and excrement it produces for the oxygen released by the Algumans in their Crystal Ball. The two hubs of the installation present two possible human mutations – two different forms of adaptation: on the one hand the Creature housed in the White Cube; on the other the Algumans of the Crystal Ball, depending on whether humanity remains in denial or lucidity to the climate problem. The hundred refrigerators were acquired with the assistance of Eco-systèmes, Emmaüs, Envie and Derichebourg. With thanks to: Dorian Gaudin, Romain Gaussens, Mathieu Agnus, Jo Labesque, Éric Patin, Catherine and Étienne Tiret.

Crystal Ball by Les Radiolaires (The Radiolarians) [Marine Dillard, Caroline Gaussens, Denis Pegaz Blanc, Xavier Tiret]

“When the Earth and its inhabitants have solved the climate problem…” To explore this theme, the artists’ collective Les Radiolaires – who won the competition organised by the Cité des sciences et de l’industrie with the support of the BNP-Paribas Foundation – have created a dual art installation. Here, they present their original, thought-provoking vision of our planet’s future. In the Crystal Ball, tiny beings called Algumans (half-algae, half-human) use only solar energy. They move slowly, reproduce and manufacture everything they need themselves. The subtle architecture of the bubble biosphere that shelters them represents a ball and lung, whose breathing gently carries them from one pole of their world to the other. The Algumans emit oxygen that is exchanged with the Creature of the White Cube (WC), so creating a perfect symbiosis that maintains a harmonious, peaceful equilibrium between their biosphere and the WC habitat. Daydreams, leisure activities, mechanics and a diversified pattern of motion lie at the heart of their vital world, ensuring their healthy development. There, the Sun is king. The Algumans enjoy the world they have created in their image, where well-being, lightness and contemplation reign. Here and there, they also sip a concoction produced by the neighbouring Creature and savour dishes of a mysterious nature… The two hubs of the installation present two possible human mutations – two different forms of adaptation: on the one hand the Algumans of the Crystal Ball; on the other the Creature housed in the White Cube, depending on whether humanity remains in denial or lucidity to the climate problem. With thanks to: Dorian Gaudin, Romain Gaussens, Mathieu Agnus, Jo Labesque, Éric Patin, Catherine and Étienne Tiret.

Blocks of ice on blocks of earth by Pauline Toyer

The concept of temporality is inevitably involved in any study of our changing world. Here, the main axis of Pauline Toyer’s work is this time factor. Over the six months of the exhibition, her evolving, active installation uses a simple physical principle to present an action: one type of matter changing another. Two blocks of ice are positioned above two blocks of earth. The steady drip of water as the ice melts softens the earth and sculpts it. When the blocks of earth have gradually been shaped by the ice blocks, they are dried, baked and put on display again. The two stages of the process can be seen over the duration of the exhibition.


Credits

Ce dossier spécial a été réalisé par la rédaction de Science Actualités, avec le soutien de la Fondation BNP Paribas et en partenariat avec le Programme des Nations Unies pour l’Environnement.

Remerciements aux scientifiques et experts : Olivier Boucher, Christophe Cassou, Catherine Chabaud, Philippe Ciais, Ronand Dantec, Christian de Perthuis, Jean-Louis Etienne, Emmanuel Garnier, François Gemenne, Céline Guivarch, Nicolas Hulot, Bernard Laponche, Alix Mazounié, Hindou Oumarou Ibrahim, Jean Jouzel, Wolfgang Kramer, Bruno Latour, Shyama Ramani, Teresa Ribera, Sabrina Speich, Achim Steiner, Laurence Tubiana.

Textes et interviews : Isabelle Bousquet Maniguet
Conseillère scientifique : Valérie Masson-Delmotte
Rédaction en chef : Alain Labouze
Secrétaire de rédaction : Barbara Vignaux
Iconographe : Estelle Dhenin
Infographiste : Julien Trédan-Turini
Traducteurs : 3i traductions
Chargée de production audiovisuelle : Françoise Augier
Réalisateurs : Alain Labouze, Pascal Goblot (Manuel Cam), Laura Ben Hayoun et Thomas Belchi-Serrano (Frequence School), Yseult Berger
Image et montage : Delphine Bonnart, Olivier Boulanger, Alexis Lardilleux, Jean-Luc Muller, David Bento
Quiz : Centre de vulgarisation de la connaissance de l’Université Paris-Sud, Véronique Marsollier, Violette Araujo
« Opinions publiques » : Roland Topalian
Site web : Olivier Boulanger, Véronique Marsollier et Paloma Bertrand, avec Hélèna Ragot, Wilfried Jumelle et LP-Digital

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